Chemtrails Exposed: A History of the New Manhattan Project

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Dis­cov­er­ies and inven­tions are not ter­mi­nals; they are fresh start­ing points from which we can climb to new knowl­edge.” — Dr. Willis R. Whit­ney, founder of Gen­er­al Elec­tric Lab­o­ra­to­ries

After so many years of watch­ing air­planes pro­duce the lines in the sky, large­ly with­out know­ing of what this Project con­sists or why, we have recent­ly gained an under­stand­ing. Evi­dence sug­gests that today’s chem­trail spray­ing oper­a­tions con­sist of air­planes sat­u­rat­ing our atmos­phere with nano-sized par­ti­cles influ­enced by elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy for the pur­pose of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion.

U.S. patent #4,686,605 “Method and Appa­ra­tus for Alter­ing a Region in the Earth’s Atmos­phere, Ionos­phere and/or Mag­ne­tos­phere” shows how stratos­pher­ic and tro­pos­pher­ic aerosols can be manip­u­lat­ed using elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy in order to mod­i­fy the weath­er. The ground-based anten­nas (known as ionos­pher­ic heaters) need­ed to pro­duce the appro­pri­ate elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy exist. For a detailed dis­cus­sion, please see the author’s pre­vi­ous arti­cle “Smok­ing Gun: The HAARP and Chem­trails Con­nec­tion.”

The 1996 U.S. mil­i­tary doc­u­ment “Weath­er as a Force Mul­ti­pli­er: Own­ing the Weath­er in 2025” out­lines a pro­gram using aerosols sprayed from air­planes which are then manip­u­lat­ed with elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy in order to mod­i­fy the weath­er. This doc­u­ment will be dis­cussed short­ly.

The com­mon thread here is weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion; or as the Library of Con­gress calls it, “weath­er con­trol.” Lots of oth­er evi­dence sup­port­ing this asser­tion exists as well, but these two doc­u­ments are the most salient.

Motives are plen­ty. Most notably, sig­nif­i­cant direct ben­e­fits can be gained by play­ing finan­cial mar­kets which rise and fall with the weath­er such as the weath­er deriv­a­tives and cat­a­stro­phe rein­sur­ance mar­kets; not to men­tion agri­cul­tur­al and ener­gy com­modi­ties. Enron pio­neered the mar­kets. With fore­knowl­edge of the weath­er, so many scams could be con­coct­ed that it bog­gles the mind. Weath­er rou­tine­ly changes the course of Human his­to­ry. It deter­mines what we do every day. It deter­mines the out­comes of wars and influ­ences elec­tions. Con­trol of the weath­er is God-like pow­er. Mon­ey and pow­er junkies want it.

Con­trol­ling Earth’s weath­er would nec­es­sar­i­ly require a gigan­tic sci­en­tif­ic effort. Odd­ly enough, when one looks for a Nation­al effort in weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion, one finds a lot. Specif­i­cal­ly, if one looks, one can find a his­to­ry of weath­er con­trol pro­grams involv­ing elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy and atmos­pher­ic par­ti­cles; all in a coher­ent chrono­log­i­cal order.

This paper is the result of thou­sands of dol­lars and count­less hours spent research­ing many thou­sands of pages of source, orga­ni­za­tion­al and Gov­ern­ment doc­u­ments relat­ed to weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion and the atmos­pher­ic sci­ences. This arti­cle serves as the foun­da­tion for a series of short­ly forth­com­ing arti­cles detail­ing the his­to­ry and cur­rent state of this Project. May this work help end the spray­ing. For the fact that these envi­ron­men­tal mod­i­fi­ca­tions have been done with­out our informed con­sent, may this work con­tribute to the largest class-action law­suit in his­to­ry.

This paper exam­ines the ori­gins and devel­op­ment of this; the first plan­e­tary lev­el sci­en­tif­ic endeav­or. Now is our oppor­tu­ni­ty to gain a deep­er under­stand­ing of the New Man­hat­tan Project.

The Ori­gins of Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion

Peo­ple have been attempt­ing to mod­i­fy the weath­er for ever. Most com­mon­ly, man has gone about mak­ing it rain; espe­cial­ly in times of drought. The ear­li­est record­ed efforts were those of mys­tics. Local shaman would be called upon to ingest a cer­tain con­coc­tion in order to com­mu­ni­cate with the weath­er gods and ask for help. In some cas­es, the sac­ri­fice of cer­tain ani­mals in cer­tain fash­ions may have been the thing to do. Some­times a good old rain dance may have done the trick.

Some ear­ly West­ern efforts to stop destruc­tive weath­er are out­lined in pro­fes­sor James Fleming’s book Fix­ing the Sky. On page 78 he writes, “In ancient Greece, the offi­cial ‘hail war­dens’ of Cleon­ae were appoint­ed at pub­lic expense to watch for hail and then sig­nal the farm­ers to offer blood sac­ri­fices to pro­tect their fields: a lamb, a chick­en, or even a poor man draw­ing blood from his fin­ger was deemed suf­fi­cient.”

A lit­tle lat­er pro­fes­sor Flem­ing writes, “In Aus­tria, it was tra­di­tion­al to ring ‘thun­der bells’ or blow on huge ‘weath­er horns’ while herds­men set up a ter­rif­ic howl and women rat­tled chains and beat milk pails to scare away the destruc­tive spir­it of the storm.”

Much of the ear­ly West­ern attempts at weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion involved the det­o­na­tion of explo­sive charges in the low­er atmos­phere. It was hypoth­e­sized that atmos­pher­ic explo­sions cause pre­cip­i­ta­tion.

Ear­ly Amer­i­can Involve­ment

Although there has been much inter­na­tion­al par­tic­i­pa­tion, this arti­cle focus­es on America’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in the New Man­hat­tan Project. Through­out the devel­op­ment of the New Man­hat­tan Project, Amer­i­ca was the world’s tech­no­log­i­cal leader; espe­cial­ly in the area of mil­i­tary tech­nol­o­gy. Amer­i­ca led the way and devel­oped most of this Project. Amer­i­ca con­tin­ues to lead the Project today. There­fore the ear­ly his­to­ry of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion in Amer­i­ca is rel­e­vant.

James Pol­lard Espy (1785–1860) also known as “The Storm King” was the first mete­o­rol­o­gist in U.S. gov­ern­ment ser­vice. Although he nev­er received Fed­er­al fund­ing for it, he sug­gest­ed that for­est fires can pro­duce rain­fall and that exper­i­ments in this area should be car­ried out. His mag­num opus was a book called The Phi­los­o­phy of Storms. This book con­tains a long sec­tion enti­tled “Arti­fi­cial Rains.”

The first Fed­er­al­ly fund­ed weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion field effort took place in Texas in 1891, with funds appro­pri­at­ed by the Con­gress in the amount of nine thou­sand dol­lars through the Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture. The exper­i­ment involved weath­er mod­i­fi­er Robert St. George Dyren­forth (1844–1910) attack­ing the atmos­phere with bal­loons, kites, dyna­mite, mor­tars, smoke bombs and fire­works. The results were incon­clu­sive, but you can bet that the atmos­phere was absolute­ly ter­ri­fied!

From these ear­ly efforts until the begin­ning of the sci­en­tif­ic era in 1946, the realm of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion was inhab­it­ed large­ly by a mot­ley col­lec­tion of pseu­do-sci­en­tists and con artists sim­i­lar to Dyren­forth. These peo­ple, who referred to them­selves as “rain­mak­ers,” trav­eled around the Coun­try (most­ly the West), going where local gov­ern­ments were will­ing to pay for their ser­vices. If a cer­tain region was expe­ri­enc­ing a severe drought, peo­ple were often des­per­ate for solu­tions. These rain­mak­ers’ activ­i­ties often involved the mix­ing and open air release of dan­ger­ous chem­i­cals. Some of these efforts were Fed­er­al­ly fund­ed. Since the days of Robert Dyren­forth, the Fed­er­al mon­ey has not stopped flow­ing.

Niko­la Tes­la

In the late 1800s, inven­tor Niko­la Tes­la (1856–1943) pop­u­lar­ized the use of elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy. In his 1905 Unit­ed States patent num­ber 787,412 “Art of Trans­mit­ting Elec­tri­cal Ener­gy Through the Nat­ur­al Medi­ums” Tes­la describes how elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy may be sent and received through the atmos­phere. The Supreme Court found that U.S. patent #645,576 “Sys­tem of Trans­mis­sion of Elec­tri­cal Ener­gy” proves he invent­ed radio; not Mar­coni. He pio­neered radar. He invent­ed wire­less sig­nal and pow­er trans­mis­sion. Yes, pow­er can be trans­mit­ted wire­less­ly; we’ll have more about that lat­er.

Tesla’s mus­ings and sci­en­tif­ic dis­cov­er­ies pio­neered what are today’s ionos­pher­ic heaters which use elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy to cause atmos­pher­ic per­tur­ba­tions from great dis­tances and play a defin­ing role in the New Man­hat­tan Project. Specif­i­cal­ly, he pio­neered the use of a cer­tain type of elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy called extreme­ly-low fre­quen­cy (ELF). This is a spe­cif­ic type of ener­gy known to be used in the New Man­hat­tan Project; the oth­er being very-low fre­quen­cy (VLF) elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy.

In her book Tes­la: Man Out of Time, Mar­garet Cheney writes that he did a good deal of the­o­riz­ing about weath­er con­trol. She also writes that he the­o­rized that the entire earth might be illu­mi­nat­ed by shoot­ing elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy 35,000 feet up into the atmos­phere. 35,000 feet is about the alti­tude of today’s offend­ing air­planes.

The Begin­ning of the Sci­en­tif­ic Era

The sci­en­tif­ic era of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion began famous­ly in 1946 with a trio of sci­en­tists from Gen­er­al Elec­tric Lab­o­ra­to­ries: Irv­ing Lang­muir, Vin­cent Schae­fer and Bernard Von­negut. Lead­ing the group was the world famous Nobel Peace Prize win­ning sci­en­tist Irv­ing Lang­muir (1881–1957). This trio pop­u­lar­ized the fact that, under cer­tain cir­cum­stances, dump­ing sub­stances from air­planes into clouds caus­es pre­cip­i­ta­tion. Ear­ly exper­i­ments used dry ice while lat­er exper­i­ments pio­neered the use of sil­ver iodide. Also invent­ed were sil­ver iodide gen­er­a­tion equip­ment and many oth­er weath­er relat­ed sci­en­tif­ic instru­ments. Much of this trio’s work here was done in coop­er­a­tion with the Office of Naval Research and the Air Force. Although oth­ers had pre­vi­ous­ly dumped stuff out of air­planes in attempts to mod­i­fy the weath­er, the G.E. sci­en­tists prac­ticed a sound sci­en­tif­ic method pre­vi­ous­ly unseen in the field.

Schaefer, Langmuir & Vonnegut image source: General Electric Laboratories

Schae­fer, Lang­muir & Von­negut
image source: Gen­er­al Elec­tric Lab­o­ra­to­ries

Fol­low­ing the famous sci­en­tif­ic weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion efforts of the G.E. Labs trio, the public’s imag­i­na­tion was sparked and a gov­ern­ment reg­u­lat­ed weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion indus­try flour­ished. To this day, the gov­ern­ment-reg­u­lat­ed weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion indus­try (or “con­ven­tion­al” weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion indus­try as we will call it) expels dry ice, lead iodide or sil­ver iodide (usu­al­ly sil­ver iodide) from air­planes.

How­ev­er, the con­ven­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion indus­try is dis­tinct from the New Man­hat­tan Project and there­fore is not the focus of this arti­cle. The New Man­hat­tan Project employs elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy to manip­u­late dis­persed par­ti­cles while con­ven­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fiers do not. Also, con­ven­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion efforts are con­duct­ed on a region­al basis while the New Man­hat­tan Project is glob­al.

Not long after the sci­en­tif­ic break­throughs of the G.E. Labs trio, fueled by high lev­el polit­i­cal rhetoric and pop­u­lar inter­est, the Unit­ed States fed­er­al gov­ern­ment began pour­ing hun­dreds of mil­lions of dol­lars annu­al­ly into basic atmos­pher­ic research. Since then, the Unit­ed States gov­ern­ment is admit­ted to have spent many tens of bil­lions of dol­lars on weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion and the atmos­pher­ic sci­ences. Much of that was expend­ed in 1950s, ‘60s and ‘70s dol­lars. If one is to con­trol the weath­er, one must know how the atmos­phere works. Or as geo­engi­neer Dr. Clement J. Todd wrote in 1970, “Our abil­i­ty to man­age pre­cip­i­ta­tion depends upon four fac­tors: (1) under­stand­ing the phys­i­cal process­es of the atmos­phere, (2) real-time knowl­edge of the weath­er we wish to manip­u­late, (3) devis­ing the opti­mum treat­ment mate­r­i­al and tech­nique, and (4) deliv­ery of that treat­ment to the cloud where and when we wish.”

The major­i­ty of the vast expans­es of lit­er­a­ture per­tain­ing to weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion and the atmos­pher­ic sci­ences is geared towards con­ven­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion. How­ev­er, both the New Man­hat­tan Project and con­ven­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion are sup­port­ed by basic atmos­pher­ic research. So, buried in this body of lit­er­a­ture, one may find glimpses of the New Man­hat­tan Project. The rest of this paper recounts these glimpses.

Bernard Von­negut

One mem­ber of the G.E. Labs trio, Bernard Von­negut (1914–1997) went on to pio­neer weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion research involv­ing the use of arti­fi­cial elec­tric charges and atmos­pher­ic aerosols. His work in this area was per­formed under Gov­ern­ment con­tracts out­sourced to a research and devel­op­ment firm called Arthur D. Lit­tle Inc.

 Bernard Vonnegut image source: Life Magazine


Bernard Von­negut
image source: Life Mag­a­zine

The ear­li­est record­ed instances of elec­tric­i­ty being inten­tion­al­ly used to mod­i­fy par­ti­cles in the atmos­phere can be found in the 1884 exper­i­ments of Sir Oliv­er Lodge (1851–1940). The 1918 U.S. patent #1,279,823 “Process and Appa­ra­tus for Caus­ing Pre­cip­i­ta­tion by Coa­les­cence of Aque­ous Par­ti­cles Con­tained in the Atmos­phere” by J.G. Bal­sil­lie built upon Lodge’s work. Using this knowl­edge as a basis, Mr. Von­negut resumed Lodge’s work; this time with mas­sive fund­ing and mod­ern­ized sci­en­tif­ic equip­ment.

Begin­ning in 1953, Bernard Von­negut, Arthur D. Lit­tle et al., con­duct­ed exper­i­ments involv­ing stain­less steel wires miles long strung from the tops of tele­phone poles, con­nect­ed to a pow­er sup­ply and dis­charg­ing coro­na. The coro­nal discharge’s effect upon ambi­ent aerosols and the clouds above was mon­i­tored and ana­lyzed. Through 1961, these exper­i­ments were car­ried out in Mass­a­chu­setts, New Hamp­shire, Texas, Illi­nois and New Mex­i­co. These types of exper­i­ments are referred to as “space charge” exper­i­ments. The U.S. Sig­nal Corps and the U. S. Coast Guard pro­vid­ed sup­port. Oth­ers per­formed sim­i­lar exper­i­ments.

 Space charge experiment image source: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Space charge exper­i­ment
image source: The Mass­a­chu­setts Insti­tute of Tech­nol­o­gy

The 1958 “Final Report of the Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee on Weath­er Con­trol” con­tained an arti­cle by Bernard Von­negut, Vin­cent Schae­fer, J. S. Bar­rows and Paul Mac­Cready titled “The Future.” In it they out­line an atmos­phere sat­u­rat­ed with “chem­i­cals” and “alter­ing” atmos­pher­ic elec­tri­cal vari­ables. It reads:

When the nature of thun­der­storm elec­tri­fi­ca­tion is under­stood it may prove pos­si­ble to con­trol this process by the intro­duc­tion of chem­i­cals into the atmos­phere or by alter­ing elec­tri­cal vari­ables. Such vari­ables might be atmos­pher­ic con­duc­tiv­i­ty, field, and space charge, or per­haps the coro­na giv­ing prop­er­ties of the earth’s sur­face.

When we become suf­fi­cient­ly sophis­ti­cat­ed con­cern­ing the dynam­ics of the atmos­phere it is pos­si­ble that weath­er may be con­trolled by the large scale release of chem­i­cal or more prob­a­bly ther­monu­clear heat ener­gy.

In 1961, Bernard Von­negut, Arnold W. Doyle and D. Read Mof­fett wrote a paper for Arthur D. Lit­tle titled “Research in Elec­tri­cal Phe­nom­e­na Asso­ci­at­ed with Aerosols.” This was a report about their exper­i­ments of the pre­vi­ous 3 months involv­ing the effects of elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy upon a ground­ed sphere in a small cham­ber sur­round­ed by gas. Please con­sid­er the impli­ca­tions of that. We will revis­it this paper much lat­er.

If you are won­der­ing… yes, Bernard Von­negut was relat­ed to the nov­el­ist Kurt Von­negut. They were broth­ers.

***

In 1958 the chief White House advi­sor on weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion, Cap­tain Howard T. Orville, said the U.S. defense depart­ment was study­ing “ways to manip­u­late the charges of the earth and sky and so affect the weath­er” by using an elec­tron­ic beam to ion­ize or de-ion­ize the atmos­phere over a giv­en area.

***

The Depart­ment of Com­merce Weath­er Bureau report­ed in 1960 that they were con­duct­ing a weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion study in which, “Chem­i­cals are intro­duced into the cloud which notice­ably changes the sur­face ten­sion of the droplets. Elec­tri­fi­ca­tion effects are being observed by arti­fi­cial­ly elec­tri­fy­ing the droplets and sub­ject­ing them to impressed elec­tric fields.”

***

For bet­ter or for worse, this super secret pro­gram had a prophet. His name was Unit­ed States Navy Admi­ral William Fran­cis Raborn (1905–1990).

 William Francis Raborn  image source: United States Navy


William Fran­cis Raborn
image source: Unit­ed States Navy

In the Jan­u­ary 1963 edi­tion of the U.S. Naval Insti­tute Pro­ceed­ings, Admi­ral Raborn out­lined a pro­gram using elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy to mod­i­fy the weath­er. His arti­cle was enti­tled “New Hori­zons of Naval Research and Devel­op­ment.” In this paper, under­neath the head­ing of ‘Envi­ron­men­tal War­fare’ he wrote:

The pos­si­bil­i­ties for the mil­i­tary employ­ment of the “weath­er weapon” may be as diverse as they are numer­ous. An abil­i­ty to con­trol the weath­er could intro­duce greater changes in war­fare than those which occurred in 1945 with the explo­sion of the first nuclear weapons.

A severe storm or hur­ri­cane strik­ing a naval force may well inflict greater dam­age than could an ene­my. The capa­bil­i­ty to change the direc­tion of destruc­tive storms and guide them toward ene­my con­cen­tra­tions may exist in the future arse­nal of the naval tac­ti­cal com­man­der.

Ground, sea, air and amphibi­ous oper­a­tions might be sup­port­ed by the dis­si­pa­tion of fog or clouds, or by the pro­duc­tion of rain or drought. Con­verse­ly, the cre­ation of sol­id, low over­casts might be used to con­ceal troop con­cen­tra­tions, move­ments, and task force deploy­ments. Large-scale weath­er con­trol tech­niques might be used to cause exten­sive flood­ing in strate­gic areas or even to bring a new “ice age” upon the ene­my. By influ­enc­ing the ionos­phere and atmos­phere simul­ta­ne­ous­ly, mag­net­ic, acoustic, and pres­sure effects might be gen­er­at­ed in such a way that ocean-wide sweep­ing of mines would occur.

Cre­at­ing or dis­si­pat­ing atmos­pher­ic temperature/humidity ducts might mod­i­fy the refrac­tive index of the atmos­phere enough to influ­ence radar or radio trans­mis­sion. Arti­fi­cial­ly-induced ionos­pher­ic storms might pro­duce a black­out of com­mu­ni­ca­tions.

Cer­tain elec­tro­mag­net­ic waves are unable to pass through an area of pre­cip­i­ta­tion. A cloud seed­ing gen­er­a­tor could be employed under appro­pri­ate mete­o­ro­log­i­cal con­di­tions to pro­duce pre­cip­i­ta­tion that would inter­fere with the oper­a­tion of radio-guid­ed or remote­ly-con­trolled devices or vehi­cles. We already have tak­en our first steps toward devel­op­ing an envi­ron­men­tal war­fare capa­bil­i­ty. We are using satel­lite weath­er data from Tiros II for cur­rent, tac­ti­cal oper­a­tions and more accu­rate, long-range weath­er pre­dic­tions. Some exper­i­ments in fog dis­si­pa­tion have shown promise, and some explorato­ry research has been con­duct­ed on ways to change the head­ing of major storms.

For these rea­sons — and because our advances in sci­ence make it rea­son­able — we are now engaged in plan­ning a ten-year, com­pre­hen­sive study of the atmos­phere, a study which we will des­ig­nate ATMOS. This plan will be co-ordi­nat­ed with our TENOC oceano­graph­ic stud­ies.

About the ATMOS pro­gram, the author has failed to find any oth­er sig­nif­i­cant infor­ma­tion. The author has looked over a 1961 report per­tain­ing to the Navy TENOC (Ten Year Pro­gram in Oceanog­ra­phy) pro­gram. Although it did not con­tain any spe­cif­ic infor­ma­tion per­ti­nent to the New Man­hat­tan Project, it did make men­tion of anoth­er, clas­si­fied TENOC report.

It is notable that the title of Raborn’s arti­cle includes the word “hori­zon” because the type of elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy to which he refers is akin to “over the hori­zon radar.” This type of radar is called “over the hori­zon” because it is bounced off the ionos­phere and there­fore is effec­tive far beyond the range of the forty miles or so (depend­ing on ter­rain) afford­ed by pre­vi­ous radar sys­tems. Forty miles is approx­i­mate­ly the dis­tance one can see over flat land or sea before the cur­va­ture of the Earth obscures points beyond. Over the hori­zon radar, on the oth­er hand, is effec­tive to thou­sands of miles. Today’s ionos­pher­ic heaters evolved as over the hori­zon radar.

Also of note is the fact that the Unit­ed States Navy, of which Mr. Raborn was an admi­ral, is today one of the man­agers of the HAARP facil­i­ty in Alas­ka. The HAARP facil­i­ty con­tains the world’s most pow­er­ful ionos­pher­ic heater which is doc­u­ment­ed to be able to mod­i­fy the weath­er.

***

In the 1967 Nation­al Sci­ence Foundation’s ninth annu­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion report, it reads, “ESSA [Envi­ron­men­tal Sci­ence Ser­vices Admin­is­tra­tion] is also inves­ti­gat­ing the effect of cir­rus clouds on the radi­a­tion bud­get of the atmos­phere by study­ing air­craft-pro­duced con­trails which often spread into cir­rus lay­ers cov­er­ing con­sid­er­able frac­tions of the sky. One tech­nique pro­posed for mod­i­fy­ing low­er cloud devel­op­ment has been the gen­er­a­tion of a high lev­el cir­rus deck with jet air­craft. By inter­cept­ing solar radi­a­tion at high alti­tude it may be pos­si­ble to influ­ence larg­er scale cloud devel­op­ment else­where by reduc­ing solar input and reduc­ing con­vec­tive cloud gen­er­a­tion in areas where they are not need­ed.” This is essen­tial­ly today’s geo­engi­neer­ing the­sis.

A lit­tle lat­er in that same report, it reads that their com­put­er atmos­pher­ic sim­u­la­tions, or ‘mod­els’ as they call them, might sim­u­late, “…pro­duc­ing high-lev­el cir­rus cloud cov­er over an area by means of jet air­craft, insert­ing par­tic­u­late mat­ter into the upper atmos­phere to alter the solar radi­a­tion bal­ance and the like.”

***

In 1966, the Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences Select Pan­el on Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion pro­duced a doc­u­ment titled “Present and Future Plans of Fed­er­al Agen­cies in Weath­er-Cli­mate Mod­i­fi­ca­tion.” On page 17 of this report, it reads, “It is antic­i­pat­ed that there will be a few large-scale facil­i­ties fund­ed for the test­ing of mod­i­fi­ca­tion schemes. Typ­i­cal schemes might be the sus­pen­sion of a spray noz­zle over a val­ley between two moun­tain peaks to pro­duce cloud-sized droplets into which elec­tri­cal charges can be intro­duced in either polar­i­ty, con­t­a­m­i­nants can be intro­duced, and the drop size spec­trum can be adjust­ed to any rea­son­able dis­tri­b­u­tion.” The Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences sub­se­quent­ly agreed to pro­ceed with the devel­op­ment of a Nation­al Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion Pro­gram along the lines of this report.

The now defunct Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee for Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences (ICAS) was cre­at­ed by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy in 1959 in order to over­see and coor­di­nate a wide range of basic atmos­pher­ic research orig­i­nat­ing from many pre­vi­ous­ly dis­parate gov­ern­ment offices. Their focus was weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion. Mem­bers of the ICAS includ­ed the depart­ments of Agri­cul­ture, Com­merce, Defense, Inte­ri­or, Trans­porta­tion and State as well as the Envi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency, the Ener­gy Research and Devel­op­ment Admin­is­tra­tion, the Nation­al Aero­nau­tics and Space Admin­is­tra­tion and the Nation­al Sci­ence Foun­da­tion. These are the gov­ern­ment agen­cies which have been involved in weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion all along.

The ICAS pro­duced a series of semi-annu­al reports between 1960 and 1978. In these reports, ICAS mem­ber orga­ni­za­tions’ weath­er relat­ed sci­en­tif­ic activ­i­ties and expen­di­tures were recount­ed. The ICAS reports’ areas of study includ­ed: Earth’s nat­ur­al geo­mag­net­ic ener­gy, dif­fer­ent ways clouds form and dif­fer­ent ways they pre­cip­i­tate, light­ning, hur­ri­canes and oth­er extreme weath­er, inad­ver­tent weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion, inten­tion­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion and extra-plan­e­tary atmos­pheres. The ICAS is duly not­ed here because so much of the his­to­ry of the New Man­hat­tan Project is account­ed for in the pages of their reports.

In the 1969 ICAS report, under the head­ing of “Cloud Elec­tric­i­ty Mod­i­fi­ca­tion,” it is writ­ten that the Nation­al Sci­ence Foun­da­tion is devel­op­ing, “Means for inject­ing sig­nif­i­cant quan­ti­ties of charge arti­fi­cial­ly into clouds…”

Again in this 1969 report, on page 37 it describes the Army’s inten­tions in the area of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion. It reads, “Stud­ies will con­tin­ue on upper atmos­pher­ic struc­ture and dynam­ics, lasers and oth­er elec­tro­mag­net­ic prop­a­ga­tion, and acoustic prop­a­ga­tion. New approach­es to atmos­pher­ic mod­i­fi­ca­tion will be stud­ied.”

On page 42 of the 1971 ICAS spe­cial report “A Nation­al Pro­gram for Accel­er­at­ing Progress in Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion,” the authors write of fog being cleared by air­planes releas­ing chem­i­cals and ‘elec­tri­cal meth­ods’ of fog dis­si­pa­tion.

On page 79 of the 1973 ICAS report, it is writ­ten, “There is a great deal to be learned before we can with con­fi­dence say what effect can be pro­duced by the injec­tion of chem­i­cal­ly active trace gasses and par­tic­u­lates into the low­er stratos­phere. New empha­sis has been giv­en to both dynam­i­cal and phys­i­cal mete­o­ro­log­i­cal research rel­e­vant to this ques­tion.”

***

Unit­ed States patent #5,003,186 “Stratos­pher­ic Wels­bach Seed­ing for Reduc­tion of Glob­al Warm­ing” was filed by the Hugh­es Air­craft Cor­po­ra­tion in 1991. The patent describes a method for dis­pers­ing par­tic­u­lates into the upper atmos­phere in order to save us from glob­al warm­ing. The author David B. Chang sug­gests that alu­minum oxide be used for this pur­pose. Lab tests from around the world have shown alu­minum to be the num­ber one chem­trail ingre­di­ent.

One pro­posed solu­tion to the prob­lem of glob­al warm­ing,” it reads, “involves the seed­ing of the atmos­phere with metal­lic par­ti­cles. One tech­nique pro­posed to seed the metal­lic par­ti­cles was to add the tiny par­ti­cles to the fuel of jet air­lin­ers, so that the par­ti­cles would be emit­ted from the jet engine exhaust while the air­lin­er was at its cruis­ing alti­tude.”

The first men­tion of alu­minum occurs in this pas­sage, “The method com­pris­es the step of seed­ing the green­house gas lay­er with a quan­ti­ty of tiny par­ti­cles of mate­ri­als char­ac­ter­ized by wave­length-depen­dent emis­siv­i­ty or reflec­tiv­i­ty, in that said mate­ri­als have high emis­siv­i­ties in the vis­i­ble and far infrared wave­length region. Such mate­ri­als can include the class of mate­ri­als known as Wels­bach mate­ri­als. The oxides of met­al, e.g., alu­minum oxide, are also suit­able for the pur­pose.”

The sec­ond men­tion of alu­minum occurs a lit­tle lat­er. It reads, “Anoth­er class of mate­ri­als hav­ing the desired prop­er­ty includes the oxides of met­als. For exam­ple, alu­minum oxide (Al2O3) is one met­al oxide suit­able for the pur­pose and which is rel­a­tive­ly inex­pen­sive.”

The Hugh­es Air­craft Cor­po­ra­tion was acquired by and is now inte­grat­ed into Raytheon.

***

A 1994 doc­u­ment pro­duced by Stan­ford Research Inter­na­tion­al called “Mul­ti­ple Instru­ment Stud­ies of Chem­i­cal Releas­es and Heat­ing at Areci­bo” details three bar­i­um releas­es of 48 kilo­grams each over Puer­to Rico. The bar­i­um clouds pro­duced by these rock­et-borne explo­sions were sub­se­quent­ly hit with man-made elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy from an ionos­pher­ic heater and thus turned into a plas­ma. Bar­i­um has been found to be the num­ber two chem­trail ingre­di­ent.

***

In 1996 the Air Force pro­duced a pre­vi­ous­ly men­tioned doc­u­ment called “Weath­er as a Force Mul­ti­pli­er: Own­ing the Weath­er in 2025.” The doc­u­ment was pro­duced by the Depart­ment of Defense and writ­ten as ordered by the chief of staff of the Air Force, Ronald R. Fogle­man. “Own­ing the Weath­er” was but one in a series of 39 doc­u­ments speak­ing to a great over­haul of Air Force oper­a­tions to be achieved by the year 2025. The larg­er set of doc­u­ments is called “Air Force 2025.” “Own­ing the Weath­er” describes a sys­tem of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion com­bin­ing atmos­pher­ic aerosols with elec­tro­mag­net­ic ener­gy.

On page 2 the doc­u­ment reads, “Pri­or to the attack, which is coor­di­nat­ed with fore­cast­ed weath­er con­di­tions, the UAVs begin cloud gen­er­a­tion and seed­ing oper­a­tions. UAVs [unmanned aer­i­al vehi­cles] dis­perse a cir­rus shield to deny ene­my visu­al and infrared (IR) sur­veil­lance. Simul­ta­ne­ous­ly, microwave heaters cre­ate local­ized scin­til­la­tion to dis­rupt active sens­ing via syn­thet­ic aper­ture radar (SAR) sys­tems such as the com­mer­cial­ly avail­able Cana­di­an search and res­cue satel­lite-aid­ed track­ing (SARSAT) that will be wide­ly avail­able in 2025. Oth­er cloud seed­ing oper­a­tions cause a devel­op­ing thun­der­storm to inten­si­fy over the tar­get, severe­ly lim­it­ing the enemy’s capa­bil­i­ty to defend. The WFSE mon­i­tors the entire oper­a­tion in real-time and notes the suc­cess­ful com­ple­tion of anoth­er very impor­tant but rou­tine weath­er-mod­i­fi­ca­tion mis­sion.”

The doc­u­ment most­ly speaks to mil­i­tary com­bat appli­ca­tions, but there are some very inter­est­ing quotes. Here’s one, “In the Unit­ed States, weath­er-mod­i­fi­ca­tion will like­ly become a part of nation­al secu­ri­ty pol­i­cy with both domes­tic and inter­na­tion­al appli­ca­tions.” Let’s hear more about those “domes­tic appli­ca­tions”

On page 34 the doc­u­ment reads, “The abil­i­ty to mod­i­fy the weath­er may be desir­able both for eco­nom­ic and defense rea­sons.”

Also in 1996, as part of the same series con­tain­ing “Own­ing the Weath­er,” the Air Force pro­duced a doc­u­ment enti­tled “An Oper­a­tional Analy­sis for Air Force 2025” which briefly out­lines some­thing they call a “weath­er analy­sis and mod­i­fi­ca­tion sys­tem.” This sys­tem is described as employ­ing both par­tic­u­late seed­ing and microwave ener­gy for the pur­pose of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion.

Under the head­ing of “Weath­er Analy­sis and Mod­i­fi­ca­tion Sys­tem,” the doc­u­ment reads, “A glob­al net­work of sen­sors pro­vides ‘weath­er war­riors’ with the means to mon­i­tor and accu­rate­ly pre­dict weath­er activ­i­ties and their effects on mil­i­tary oper­a­tions. A diverse set of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion tools allows manip­u­la­tion of small-to-medi­um scale weath­er phe­nom­e­na to enhance friend­ly force capa­bil­i­ties and degrade those of the adver­sary.”

***

In the mid-nineties, Lawrence Liv­er­more Lab­o­ra­to­ries sci­en­tists Edward Teller, Low­ell Wood and Rod­er­ick Hyde wrote a series of papers call­ing for the spray­ing of mega­tons of alu­minum to save us from glob­al warm­ing. The mid-nineties was when reports of chem­trail spray­ing in Amer­i­can skies began pour­ing in. If you will recall, alu­minum has been found to be the num­ber one chem­trail ingre­di­ent.

In their 1997 paper “Glob­al Warm­ing and Ice Ages,” the Liv­er­more Labs trio wrote, “It has been sug­gest­ed that alu­mi­na inject­ed into the stratos­phere by the exhaust of sol­id-rock­et motors might scat­ter non-neg­li­gi­ble amounts of sun­light. We expect that intro­duc­tion of scat­ter­ing-opti­mized alu­mi­na par­ti­cles into the stratos­phere may well be over­all com­pet­i­tive with use of sul­fur oxides; alu­mi­na par­ti­cles offer a dis­tinct­ly dif­fer­ent envi­ron­men­tal impact pro­file.”

They con­tin­ue to espouse the virtues of stratos­pher­ic alu­mi­na in the foot­notes writ­ing, “Alu­mi­na, like sul­fate, is ubiq­ui­tous in the ter­res­tri­al bios­phere, and its stratos­pher­ic injec­tion seem­ing­ly pos­es no sig­nif­i­cant envi­ron­ment issues.”

In con­clu­sion

So there you have an evo­lu­tion­ary his­to­ry of a project employ­ing sprayed par­ti­cles and the elec­tri­fi­ca­tion of clouds for the pur­pose of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion. Is this a coin­ci­dence? Are all these exam­ples sim­ply iso­lat­ed, one-off events not a part of a larg­er over­all plan? What are the odds of these data points evolv­ing in a chrono­log­i­cal order such as they have with­out being part of a coor­di­nat­ed effort? One may be look­ing at some­thing like a quadrillion to one; and that is con­ser­v­a­tive.

For five days only, from Thurs­day, Feb­ru­ary 19 through Mon­day, Feb­ru­ary 23, my ebook Chem­trails Exposed will be avail­able for free from Ama­zon.

Stay tuned. God will­ing, this arti­cle is only the first of many com­ing in this year; 2015. The heavy lift­ing (study­ing the his­to­ry of weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion) is com­plete. The next papers will come much eas­i­er because they involve small­er top­ics and half or more of the work on each is already done. Although the top­ic will remain secret until pub­li­ca­tion, you can expect the next arti­cle in a cou­ple of months, pos­si­bly soon­er. Until then, keep fir­ing in the infor­ma­tion war. Thank you.

Notes:

Adven­ture into the Unknown: the first 50 years of the Gen­er­al Elec­tric Research Lab­o­ra­to­ry by Lau­rence A. Hawkins, pub­lished by William Mor­row & Com­pa­ny, 1950

U.S. patent #4,686,605 “Method and Appa­ra­tus for Alter­ing a Region in the Earth’s Atmos­phere, Ionos­phere and/or Mag­ne­tos­phere,” 1987

Weath­er as a Force Mul­ti­pli­er: Own­ing the Weath­er in 2025” by Col. Tamzy J. House, Lt. Col. James B. Near, Jr., LTC William B. Shields (USA), Maj. Ronald J. Celen­tano, Maj. David M. Hus­band, Maj. Ann E. Mer­cer and Maj. James E. Pugh, pub­lished by the Unit­ed States Air Force, 1996

The Smartest Guys in the Room by Bethany McLean and Peter Elkind, pub­lished by the Pen­guin Group, 2004

The Weath­er Chang­ers by D.S. Hala­cy, Jr., pub­lished by Harp­er and Row, 1968

Fix­ing the Sky by James Roger Flem­ing, pub­lished by Colum­bia Uni­ver­si­ty Press, 2010

U.S. patent #787,412 “Art of Trans­mit­ting Elec­tri­cal Ener­gy Through the Nat­ur­al Medi­ums,” 1905

U.S. patent #645,576 “Sys­tem of Trans­mis­sion of Elec­tri­cal Ener­gy,” 1900

Tes­la: Man Out of Time by Mar­garet Cheney, pub­lished by Simon & Schus­ter, 1981

Ear­ly His­to­ry of Cloud Seed­ing by Bar­ring­ton S. Havens, pub­lished by the Lang­muir Lab­o­ra­to­ry at the New Mex­i­co Insti­tute of Min­ing and Tech­nol­o­gy, the Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences Research Cen­ter at the State Uni­ver­si­ty of New York at Albany and the Research and Devel­op­ment Cen­ter of the Gen­er­al Elec­tric Com­pa­ny, 1978

Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee for Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences reports 1960–1978, pub­lished by the Fed­er­al Coun­cil for Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy

Depart­ment of the Inte­ri­or Pro­gram in Pre­cip­i­ta­tion Man­age­ment for 1970” by Dr. Clement J. Todd as it appeared in the “Pro­ceed­ings of the Twelfth Inter­a­gency Con­fer­ence on Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion” 1970

U.S. patent #1,279,823 “Process and Appa­ra­tus for Caus­ing Pre­cip­i­ta­tion by Coa­les­cence of Aque­ous Par­ti­cles Con­tained in the Atmos­phere”

Tech­nique for Intro­duc­ing Low-Den­si­ty Space Charge into the Atmos­phere” by B. Von­negut, K. May­nard, W.G. Sykes and C.B. Moore, pub­lished by Arthur D. Lit­tle and the Jour­nal of Geo­phys­i­cal Research, vol­ume 66, num­ber 3, March, 1961

The Future” by Bernard Von­negut, Vin­cent Schae­fer, J. S. Bar­rows and Paul Mac­Cready, pub­lished in the Final Report of the Advi­so­ry Com­mit­tee on Weath­er Con­trol, p201, 1958

Research in Elec­tri­cal Phe­nom­e­na Asso­ci­at­ed with Aerosols by Bernard Von­negut, Arnold W. Doyle and D. Read Mof­fett, pub­lished by Arthur D. Lit­tle, 1961

Angels Don’t Play this HAARP: advances in Tes­la tech­nol­o­gy by Jeane Man­ning and Dr. Nick Begich, pub­lished by Earth­pulse Press, p78, 1995

1st Nation­al Sci­ence Foun­da­tion annu­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion report, p14, 1960

New Hori­zons of Naval Research and Devel­op­ment” by William Fran­cis Raborn, pub­lished in U.S. Naval Insti­tute Pro­ceed­ings, Jan­u­ary, 1963

Ten Year Pro­gram in Oceanog­ra­phy: TENOC” by the U.S. Navy, March 13, 1961

9th Nation­al Sci­ence Foun­da­tion annu­al weath­er mod­i­fi­ca­tion report, 1967

Present and Future Plans of Fed­er­al Agen­cies in Weath­er-Cli­mate Mod­i­fi­ca­tion” by the Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences Select Pan­el on Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion, 1966

Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences mem­o­ran­dum to Homer E. Newell dat­ed June 21, 1966, as it appeared in the appen­dix to “Present and Future Plans of Fed­er­al Agen­cies in Weath­er-Cli­mate Mod­i­fi­ca­tion” by the Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences Select Pan­el on Weath­er Mod­i­fi­ca­tion, 1966

The Inter­de­part­men­tal Com­mit­tee on Atmos­pher­ic Sci­ences: A Case His­to­ry” by Robert E. Mor­ri­son

U.S. patent #5,003,186 “Stratos­pher­ic Wels­bach Seed­ing for Reduc­tion of Glob­al Warm­ing,” 1991

Mul­ti­ple Instru­ment Stud­ies of Chem­i­cal Releas­es and Heat­ing at Areci­bo” by Stan­ford Research Inter­na­tion­al, pub­lished by Stan­ford Research Inter­na­tion­al, 1994

Air Force 2025” by the U.S. Air Force, pub­lished by the U.S. Air Force, 1996

An Oper­a­tional Analy­sis for Air Force 2025” by the U.S. Air Force, pub­lished by the U.S. Air Force as part of “Air Force 2025” by the U.S. Air Force, pub­lished by the U.S. Air Force, 1996

Glob­al Warm­ing and Ice Ages by Edward Teller, Low­ell Wood and Rod­er­ick Hyde, pub­lished by the Lawrence Liv­er­more Nation­al Lab­o­ra­to­ry, 1997

Web­sites:

worldcat.org
amazon.com
abebooks.com
google.com/patents
airforce.com
navy.mil
ge.com
weathermodification.org
adlittle.com
signal.army.mil
uscg.mil
commerce.gov
nsf.gov
noaa.gov
whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/ostp/nstc
usda.gov
defense.gov
doi.gov
dot.gov
state.gov
epa.gov
energy.gov
nasa.gov
raytheon.com
sri.com
llnl.gov
aircrap.org
globalskywatch.com